Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy

7/29/2013 Courses

Philosophy is a belief or system of beliefs, accepted as authoritative by
some group or school. Doctor of Philosophy is Doctorate Degree awarded for
original contributions to knowledge. It is also known as Ph.D. which is an
abbreviated form for Doctor of Philosophy degree. Ph.D. is a Latin term which
stands for 'Philosophiae Doctor', meaning 'Teacher in the Love of Wisdom'. The
Duration of the programme is - Minimum 2 years from the date of registration (3
years for External candidates) & Maximum 5-6 years. The candidates desirous of
pursuing Ph.D. programme while in employment are known as 'External Candidates'.
The minimum qualifications and other eligibility criteria for admission are the
same as for regular full time students. Ph.D. is a broad based degree involving
a minimum course credit requirement and research thesis. Ph.D. programs are
available in a wide range of areas in Engineering, Science & Humanities and
Social Sciences.

The Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. in India is awarded to a candidate
who, as per these regulations, has submitted a thesis on the basis of original
and independent research in any particular discipline/inter-disciplinary that
makes a contribution to the advancement of knowledge, which is approved by
suitably appointed examiners as required.

Some of the top Institutes where one can pursue Ph.D. in India are

  • Indian Institute of Science,
  • Indian Institute Technology,
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research,
  • Chennai Mathematical Institute,
  • Indian Statistical Institute Kolkata,
  • Hyderabad Central University
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Ph.D. in India is also available through through distance learning programs.
Distance Learning Phd meets the needs of students who are unable to attend
on-campus classes. Distance Learning Doctoral Degrees however have less value as
compared to Full-time Ph.D. Some Institutes also offer Part Time Doctoral
Programs. One of these is the Bharathiar University. It offers 'Part time
External Registration for Ph.D. programme�. This course provides opportunities
to thousands of aspirants across the country and abroad who, otherwise have no
opportunity, for want of a guide in the region / Institution for registration.
Under the scheme, candidates, satisfying the eligibility criteria any where in
India or abroad can register under a Research Supervisor, registered in
Bharathiar University under the scheme and published in the website under Pool
of Research Supervisors. A candidate can also choose any guide outside the Pool
of Research Supervisors satisfying the required eligibility conditions. There
are plans for introducing online doctoral programs by IGNOU (Indira Gandhi
National Open University). However some foreign universities like Capella
University - Minneapolis, Agrosy University online- Pittsburgh, Walden
University - Minneapolis, University of Phoenix - Phoenix and Liberty University
- Virginia offer online doctoral programs.

Categories of Ph.D. Candidates

Full Time Research Scholar

i. Institute Research
Scholars with Teaching Assistant (TA)
- Students under this
category are entitled for Institute Teaching Assistantship. as per MHRD norms.

ii. Govt. / Semi Govt.
Fellowship Awardees (FA QIP,CSIR, UGC, DAE, DST, DBT, NBHM, etc.)

- These candidates are financially supported under various Govt. / Semi Govt.
schemes. The admission procedure and other requirements are same as applicable
to Institute Research Scholars.

iii. Sponsored
candidates (SW)
- These candidates are sponsored by
recognized R&D organization for doing research work in the Institute on full
time basis. Candidates are expected to be released for full time research work
at the Institute for a minimum period of three years. They will not receive any
financial support from the Institute. Sponsorship letter (Appendix I) should be
attached to the application form.

iv. Self financed
(Indian/Foreign)/Study Leave (SF)

a) Indian - This category refers to persons with experience and with
good track record to join the doctoral programme. They are admitted along with
the regular research students through the usual admission procedure but they
would not get any financial support from the Institute. This is Non-residential
student category and they are not entitled for hostel accommodation on campus.
If admitted, these students have to complete their programme within prescribed
time without any financial support from the Institute.

b) Foreign - These students are admitted through Embassy of the
respective Govt. after getting approval from the Ministry of External Affairs
and no objection certificate from Ministry of Human Resources Development,
Department of Education, Govt. of India.

c) Study Leave - This category refers to candidates who are released
from Governmental or educational institutions on study leave for a period not
less than three years for doing research work at the Institute. Employer�s
letter should be produced at the time of joining, if selected.

v. Indian Council for
Cultural Relations (ICCR) Awardees (Foreign Students)
These students are sponsored by their Governments and awarded scholarship by
them. They should apply for admission through Indian Embassy in their country.

Part-time Research Scholar:

i. Institute Faculty /
Staff (IS

- This category refers to candidates who are permanent employees of the
Institute with more than 2 years of service left to their retirement are
admitted to the Ph.D. Programme.

ii. Project Staff (PS)
- This category refers to candidates who are working on various Projects
undertaken by the Institute and admitted to the Ph.D. programme, if the duration
of the Project at the time of admission is around 3 years.

iii. Research
Assistants (RA)
- Depending upon the requirements, each
Department/Centre /School may induct one Research Assistant every year. Students
under this category are entitled for Institute Research Assistantship.

iv. External candidates
(Sponsored) (EX)
- After fulfilling one semester (M.Tech. /
M.E. / equivalent) or two semesters (B.E. / B.Tech. / M.Sc. or equivalent) of
residential requirement at the Institute, these candidates will be allowed to
register for Ph.D. with a supervisor from the Institute (Internal) and other
from their parent organization (External) where they will be doing the research
work. Sponsorship certificate from the organization (Appendix III) must be
attached, to the application form.

v. Candidates working from
Colleges / Educational Institutes (CT)

1) They are carrying out Research work during
weekends, holidays and vacations, at Institute where they are studying.

2) After fulfilling one (M.Tech. / M.E. /equivalent)
or two semesters (B.E. / B.Tech. / M.Sc. or equivalent) of residential
requirement at the Institute, these candidates will be allowed to register for
Ph.D. with a supervisor from the Institute (Internal) and other from their
parent organization (External) which is optional based on recommendations of the
supervisor and respective DPGC / IDPC / PGC. Sponsoring certificate from the
organization is to be attached to the application form. Candidates admitted
under this category will be treated on par with Self finance category as far as
payment of fees and deposits are concerned.

Eligibility for doing Ph.D in India

A Masters degree is required to gain admission to a doctoral program. In some
subjects, doing a Masters in Philosophy (M.Phil) is a prerequisite to start
Ph.D. For some prestigious Universities it is required to qualify the all India
level examination such as �National Eligibility Test for Lectureship (NET)
conducted by University Grants Commission. Candidates appearing in the final
year of qualifying degree examination are eligible to apply, however, they must
submit attested copies of qualifying degree certificates / final transcripts.
Admission is offered on the basis of an interview held usually a month before
the commencement of the semester for which admission is sought. The interview
may be supplemented by a written test, if necessary. Normally all candidates in
Ph.D. program are required to be resident on campus. Candidates sponsored from
reputed research organizations, who are conducting their Ph.D. work co-advised
by a reputed guide at their organization, may be eligible to complete their
Ph.D. off campus. Only for such sponsored candidates, the minimum residency
requirement is 1 semester, during which they will need to complete the course
requirements. However, frequent visits to the Institution where admission has
been taken is still normally required.

Valid GATE score is required for those wishing to pursue Ph.D. in the field of
engineering or technology. In order to apply for the Ph.D. in Engineering one
must normally have an M.Tech./M.E. in any branch of engineering. An M.C.A.
degree is considered equivalent to the B.Tech./B.E. degree and is not normally
sufficient for admission. In certain exceptional cases, where the candidate is
one of the toppers in an undergraduate B.E./B.Tech. program from a reputed
university, he/she may be eligible for direct admission into Ph.D. after B.E.
Such candidates must have secured 75% in their qualifying examination, and must
also have a valid GATE score. Minimally, students in any branch of engineering,
or those with MSc in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Statistics may also be
considered, but one must demonstrate a strong Computer Science grasp for
example, you may have a high GATE score in Computer Science. Some requirements
may differ for candidates under QIP (Quality Improvement Program), Defence
Personnel, SC/ST, and other sponsored categories.

Doctor of Philosophy Subjects

Subjects vary in accordance with one's chosen field of specialisation.

Some of the Doctor of Philosophy

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Physics.
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Mathematics.
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Finance and Economics.
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Psychology.

Who can and Who should pursue Doctor
of Philosophy Degree

Candidates who are really fond of studying are specially suited for this degree.
Doctor of Philosophy is also suited for those who want to spend another few
years as a student. Individuals who want to pursue a career as a university
professor or researcher in a particular field can enrol at any of the institutes
offering doctor of philosophy degree. If one needs a Ph.D. for promotion in
academics career, hike in salary, or stable job in academics then they can join
this course. Such candidates should take admission in State run Universities and
part time Ph.D.'s courses.

Advantages or Benefits of Doctor of
Philosophy Degree

  • The Ph.D. or equivalent has become a requirement for a career as a
    university professor or researcher in most fields.

  • Doctorate Degree enables one to keep pace with the expanding frontiers
    of knowledge and also provides research training relevant to the present
    social and economic objectives of the country.

Doctor of Philosophy Jobs

Doctor of Philosophy is an advanced academic degree whose primary employment
scope are focussed around academics and research. Ph.D. Careers include
publishing, editing and journalism careers. Philosophy professors often write
articles and books in addition to teaching classes.

Employment Areas

  • Philosophical Journals.
  • Publishing Houses.
  • Newspapers.
  • Magazines.
  • Research Institutes.
  • Educational Institutes.
  • Human Services Industry.
  • Consultancy.
  • Law Firms.

Job Types

  • Philosophical Journalist.
  • Novelist.
  • Writer.
  • Researcher.
  • Lecturer.
  • Professor.
  • Editors.
  • Critic.
  • Human Services Worker.
  • Scientist.
  • Development and Test Engineers.
  • Independent Consultants.
  • Electrical Product Design Engineer.
  • Engineering Technologist.

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