M.S. Master of Surgery

7/13/2013 Courses

Master of Surgery is an Post Graduate Academic Degree awarded for a course or
program in the field of Surgery. It is also known as M.S. which is an
abbreviated form. The duration of Masters in Surgery degree is 3 years including
the period of examination. Surgical residents are trained in the principles of
surgery and actually operate under supervision. Master of Surgery provides a
Doctor qualification in surgery. Upon successful completion of the course
doctors become certified Surgeons.

Course Content

(i) Basic Medical Sciences - Lectures, Seminars,
Journal Clubs, Group Discussions, Participation in laboratory and experimental
work, and involvement in research studies in the concerned speciality and
exposure to the applied aspects of the subject relevant to clinical
specialities. �

(ii) Clinical disciplines - In service training, with
the students being given graded responsibility in the management and treatment
of patients entrusted to their care; participation in Seminars, Journal clubs,
Group Discussions, Clinical Meetings, Grand rounds, and Clinico - Pathological
Conferences; practical training in Diagnosis and medical and Surgical treatment;
training in the Basic Medical Sciences, as well as in allied clinical

M.S. examinations, in any subject consists of Thesis, Theory Papers, and
clinical/Practical and Oral examinations.

(a) Thesis
- Every candidate works on an assigned research project under the guidance of a
recognised Post Graduate Teacher, the result of which shall be written up and
submitted in the form of a Thesis. Work for writing the Thesis is aimed at
contributing to the development of a spirit of enquiry, besides exposing the
candidate to the techniques of research, critical analysis, acquaintance with
the latest advances in medical science and the manner of identifying and
consulting available literature. Thesis is to be submitted at least 6 months
before the theoretical and clinical / practical examination. The Thesis is
examined by a minimum of 3 examiners; 1 internal and 2 external examiners, who
shall not be the examiners for Theory and Clinical; and on the acceptance of the
Thesis by 2 examiners, the candidate shall appear for the final examination.


(i) Theory consists of 4 Theory Papers.

(ii) Out of these one shall be of Basic Medical Sciences and one shall be of
recent advances.

(iii) The theory examinations is held sufficiently earlier than the Clinical and
Practical examination, so that the answer books can be assessed and evaluated
before the start of the Clinical/Practical and Oral examination. Provided that
after 5 years from the commencement of these regulations, there shall be one
theory paper of �multiple choice questions�; unless any institution wants to
have such paper earlier.

Clinical / Practical and Oral

(i) Clinical examination for the subjects in Clinical Sciences are conducted to
test the knowledge and competence of the candidates for undertaking independent
work as a specialist/Teacher, for which candidates examine a minimum one long
case and two short cases.

(ii) Practical examination for the subjects in Basic Medical Sciences will be
conducted to test the knowledge and competence of the candidates for making
valid and relevant observations based on the experimental/Laboratory studies and
his ability to perform such studies as are relevant to his subject.

(iii) The Oral examination shall be thorough and shall aim at assessing the
candidate knowledge and competence about the subject, investigative procedures,
therapeutic technique and other aspects of the speciality, which form a part of
the examination.

A candidate is supposed to secure not less than 50% marks in each head of
passing which shall include (1) Theory, (2) Practical including clinical and
viva voce examination.���� �

Lectures, Seminars, Journal Clubs, Group Discussions, Participation in
laboratory and experimental work, and involvement in research studies in the
concerned speciality and exposure to the applied aspects of the subject relevant
to clinical specialities. �


Candidate who hold M.B.B.S. degree from a medical college recognised by Medical
Council of India (MCI) and who has obtained full registration either from MCI or
any of the state council after passing final MBBS examination and has completed
one year Internship. Most state government-affiliated programs at the M.S. level
accept 50% of students based on the national examination and 50% based on state
examinations. In addition, 50% of positions are also reserved in most states for
physicians belonging to the economically underprivileged segments of Indian
society as specified in the Indian Constitution.

Master of Surgery Subjects

Subjects vary depending upon one's chosen field of specialisation.

Master of Surgery Specialisations

  • Otorhinolaryngology.
  • General Surgery.
  • Ophthalmology.
  • Orthopaedics.
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

Who can and Who should pursue Master
of Surgery Degree

Apart from the basic formality M.S. degree is meant for those who have a
penchant for surgical and related procedures. Doctors who feel that they can
serve the humanity better by fixing someone's fracture or removing tumours etc.
are perfectly suited for this type of medical degree.

Advantages or Benefits of Master of
Surgery Degree

  • Masters in Surgery facilitates candidates to understand and gain
    knowledge of individual field and speciality of Medicine.

  • It also provides the doctors more experience and thoroughness with the
    diseases related to the individual speciality.

  • Masters in Surgery commands is more lucrative as compared to M.D. Some
    major operations are equal to one month's salary of Physician.

Master of Surgery Jobs

Surgeries are the most common medical procedure undertaken whenever emergencies
or accidents occur. Sedentary lifestyles have led to Obesity and Heart diseases.
The worth of Surgeons comes into play especially in treating patient suffering
with such conditions. Doctors perform Surgeries of various types.Some require
specialisation while others require routine procedures. Amongst these is Plastic
Surgery which is very much in demand as more and more people want to look
beautiful and young. A Surgeon has the potential of earning more money than a
Physician and as such they are well paid.

Employment Areas

  • Health Centres.
  • Hospitals.
  • Laboratories.
  • Medical Colleges.
  • Medical Foundation / Trust.
  • Non-Profit Organizations.
  • Nursing Homes.
  • Polyclinics.
  • Private Practice.
  • Research Institutes.

Job Types

  • Cardiothoracic Surgeon.
  • Colorectal Surgeon.
  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Surgeon.
  • Endocrine Surgeon.
  • Neonatal Surgeon.
  • Neurosurgeon.
  • Obstetrician and Gynaecologist.
  • Ophthalmologist.
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon.
  • Orthopaedic Surgeon.
  • Paediatric Surgeon.
  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon.
  • Upper Gastro-Intestinal Surgeon.
  • Urological Surgeons.
  • Vascular Surgeon.

M.S. Courses in India


M.S. (Anaesthesiology)

M.S. (Anatomy)

M.S. (Cardiothoracic Surgery)

M.S. (E.N.T.)

M.S. (General Surgery)

M.S. (Laparoscopy and GI Endoscopy)

M.S. (Medical Software)

M.S. (Neurosurgery)

M.S. (Obstetrics & Gynaecology)

M.S. (Ophthalmology)

M.S. (Orthopaedics)

M.S. (Otolaryngology)

M.S. (Otorhinolaryngology)

M.S. (Pediatric Surgery)

M.S. (Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation)

M.S. (Plastic Surgery)

M.S. (Radio Diagnosis)

M.S. (Shalakya Tntra)

M.S. (Shalya Tantra)

M.S. (Urology)

M.S. (Vascular Surgery)

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