M.B.B.S. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

7/12/2013 Courses

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is
an Undergraduate Academic Degree awarded for a course or program in the field of
Medicine and Surgery. It is popularly known as M.B.B.S. which is an abbreviated
form of Medical degree. M.B.B.S. is a composition of 2 Words, where in M.B.
stands for 'Medicinae Baccalaureus' (Bachelor of Medicine in Latin) and B.S.
stands for 'Bachelor of Surgery' (in English). Though the name suggests 2
separate degrees, however it is only 1 degree. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor
of Surgery is the most coveted of all the Medical Degrees in India. M.B.B.S is
required to become a Doctor in Allopathic Medicine. Duration of M.B.B.S. extends
over a period of 4 � academic years which are divided into into 9 semesters.
Each semester is of 6 months duration. After the completion of academic study, a
candidate has to complete 1 year of compulsory rotating internship. Each
semester consists of approximately 120 teaching days. So the duration of
M.B.B.S. of 5 � years.

The period of 4� years is divided into 3 Phases:

Phase I
- It covers 2 semesters consisting of Pre-clinical subjects (Human Anatomy,
Physiology including Bio-Physics, Biochemistry and introduction to Community
Medicine including Humanities). Besides 60 hours for introduction to Community
Medicine including Humanities, rest of the time is somewhat equally divided
between Anatomy and Physiology plus Biochemistry combined (Physiology 2/3 and
Biochemistry 1/3).

Phase II
- It covers 3 semesters consisting of para � clinical/clinical subjects. During
this phase teaching of para-clinical and clinical subjects are done
concurrently. The para-clinical subjects consist of Pathology, Pharmacology,
Microbiology, Forensic Medicine including Toxicology and part of Community
Medicine. The clinical subjects shall consist of all these detailed below in
Phase III. Out of the time for Para-clinical teaching approximately equal time
be allotted to Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology and Forensic Medicine and
Community Medicine combined (1/3 Forensic Medicine and 2/3 Community Medicine).

Phase III
- It covers 7 semesters consisting of continuation of study of clinical subjects
covered during Phase-1. The clinical subjects to be taught during Phase II and
III are Medicine and its Allied Specialities, Surgery and its Allied
Specialities, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Community Medicine. Besides
clinical posting as per schedule mentioned herewith, rest of the teaching hours
are divided for didactic lectures, demonstrations, seminars, group discussions
etc. in various subjects.

  • The Medicine and its allied specialities training include General
    Medicine, Paediatrics, Tuberculosis and Chest, Skin and Sexually Transmitted
    Diseases, Psychiatry, Radio-diagnosis, Infectious diseases etc. The Surgery
    and its allied specialities training will include General Surgery,
    Orthopaedics Surgery including Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation,
    Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Anaesthesia, Dentistry, Radio-therapy
    etc. The Obstetrics & Gynaecology training will include family medicine,
    family welfare planning etc.

  • The first 2 semesters (approximately 240 teaching days) shall be
    occupied in the Phase 1 (pre-clinical) subjects and introduction to a
    broader understanding of the perspectives of medical education leading to
    delivery of health care. No student shall be permitted to join the Phase II
    (Pare-clinical/clinical) group of subjects until he has passed in all the
    Phase 1 (Pre-clinical) subjects for which he will be permitted not more than
    four chances (actual examination), provided four chances are completed in
    three years from the date of enrolment. After passing pre-clinical subjects,
    1 � year (3 semesters) shall be devoted to para-clinical subjects.

  • Phase II will be devoted to para-clinical and clinical subjects, along
    with clinical posting.

  • During clinical phase (Phase III) pre-clinical and para clinical
    teaching will be integrated into the teaching of clinical subjects where
    relevant. Didactic lectures should not exceed one third of the time
    schedule; two third schedule should include practical, clinical or/and group

  • Learning process should include living experiences, problem oriented
    approach, case studies and community health care activities. Universities
    shall organize admission timings and admission process in such a way that
    teaching in first semester starts by 1st of August each year. Supplementary
    examination may be conducted within 6 months so that the students who pass
    can join the main batch and the failed students will have to appear in the
    subsequent year.

  • Medical Schools curriculum is designed to train students so that they
    can undertake the responsibilities of a Physician who is capable of looking
    after the� preventive, promotive, curative & rehabilitative aspect of
    medicine. Only Medical colleges, accredited by the Medical Council of India,
    award MBBS. Some of the reputed medical schools in India providing M.B.B.S.
    are All India Institute of Medical Science - New Delhi,� Jawahalal Institute
    of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) - Pondicherry,
    PGIMER - Chandigarh etc.


In India, to obtain M.B.B.S. admission the basic criteria is that a candidate
should have scored more than 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology
aggregate in their 10+2 grade. To get medical school entry, one needs to appear
for Common Entrance Test (CET) and All India Medical Entrance Examination
(AIMEE). The candidate needs to appear for All India Pre Medical Entrance Test
for admission to 15% of the total seats for medical and dental courses in all
medical and dental colleges run by the Union of India. This test is conducted by
Central board of Secondary education. A basic requirement for applying for
medical entrance tests is that the student should be at least 17 years old on or
before 31st December of the year of admission. Upper age limit, where specified,
is 25 years. Written test Typically, medical entrance tests have questions from
physics, chemistry and biology (botany and zoology). In general, the mix of
questions is such that the focus on biology, which is a combination of zoology
and botany, is as much as that on physics and chemistry together. Most of the
time there is negative marking for a wrong answer. This would be indicated in
the information bulletin or prospectus. Some medical entrance tests also have a
few questions on general knowledge, personality and intelligence assessment or
English language. The states also conduct their own Pre Medical Entrance
Examination for domiciled candidates. �

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of
Surgery Subjects

  • Human Anatomy
  • Human Physiology Including Bio-Physics
  • Biochemistry
  • Introduction to Humanities & Community Medicine
  • Forensic Medicine including Toxicology
  • Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Orthopaedics
  • Radiotherapy
  • Ophthalmology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Who can
and Who should pursue Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Medical School Degree is not meant for weak hearted. Medical students are given
an in depth and proper knowledge of human body and it requires that a person
will be given practical experience in dissection of bodies and observing various
types of surgeries. Medical school requirements include power of concentration,
emotional stability and self confidence. This field is meant for those who want
to serve humanity and earn good name and good will as well.

Advantages or Benefits of Bachelor of
Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

  • Medical graduates are eligible to sit for various postgraduate
    examinations, including examinations for membership and fellowship of
    professional institutions such as Membership of the Royal College of
    Surgeons, postgraduate Masters degrees such as a Master of Surgery or Master
    of Obstetrics and a postgraduate doctorate in medicine (e.g. Doctor of
    Medicine, if earned in Ireland, the UK or Commonwealth nations) and board
    certification examinations.

  • The prefix of `Dr` before one's name commands respect. That itself is an
    achievement in itself.

  • Doctors command high salaries and can earn lots of money especially in
    private practice.

  • Doctors also are looked upon with great respect as they save lives with
    their skills so a Doctor gains the status of a Humanitarian as well.

of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery� Jobs

Modern world is typified by increasingly extravagant and complicated life styles
which pave way for a variety of ailments. Therefore the demand for medical
professionals is tremendously increasing with this scenario prevalent all over
the world. Added to the fact that there are super speciality hospitals in every
nook and corner within the country and abroad offering employment opportunities.

Some of the
Major Institutes offering M.B.B.S.

  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • St. John's Medical College

Employment Areas

  • Biomedical Companies.
  • Health Centres.
  • Hospitals.
  • Laboratories.
  • Medical Colleges.
  • Medical Foundation / Trust.
  • Non-Profit Organizations.
  • Nursing Homes.
  • Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Companies.
  • Polyclinics.
  • Private Practice.
  • Research Institutes.

Job Types

  • Anaesthetist or Anaesthesiologists.
  • Bacteriologist.
  • Cardiologist.
  • Chiropodist.
  • Chief Medical Officer (CMO).
  • Clinical Laboratory Scientist.
  • Dermatologist.
  • E.N.T. Specialist.
  • Enterologist.
  • Gastroenterologist.
  • General Practitioner.
  • General Surgeon.
  • Gynaecologist.
  • Hospital Administrator.
  • Medical Admitting Officer.
  • Neurologists.
  • Nutritionist.
  • Obstetrician.
  • Orthopaedist.
  • Pathologist.
  • Paediatrician.
  • Radiologist.
  • Physician.
  • Physiologist.
  • Psychiatrists.
  • Resident Medical Officer.

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