Explain what is meant by biofortification.
Biofortification is a process of breeding crops with higher levels of vitamins,
minerals, proteins, and fat content. This method is employed to improve public
health. Breeding of crops with improved nutritional quality is undertaken to
improve the content of proteins, oil, vitamins, minerals, and micro-nutrients in
crops. It is also undertaken to upgrade the quality of oil and proteins. An
example of this is a wheat variety known as Atlas 66, which has high protein
content in comparison to the existing wheat. In addition, there are several
other improved varieties of crop plants such as rice, carrots, spinach etc.
which have more nutritious value and more nutrients than the existing varieties.