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Differentiate the following Active and passive immunity

7/8/2015 CBSE


Active
and passive immunity



































 


Active immunity

 


Passive immunity



1.



It is a type of acquired immunity in which the body produces its own
antibodies against disease-causing antigens.



1.



It is a type of acquired immunity in which readymade antibodies are
transferred from one individual to another.



2.



It has a long lasting effect.



2.



It does not have long lasting effect.



3.



It is slow. It takes time in producing antibodies and giving responses.



3.



It is fast. It provides immediate relief.



4.



Injecting microbes through vaccination inside the body is an example of
active immunity.



4.



Transfer of antibodies present in the mother's milk to the infant is an
example of passive immunity.





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