List two essential roles of ribosome during translation.
The important functions of ribosome during translation are as follows.
acts as the site where protein synthesis takes place from individual amino
acids. It is made up of two subunits.
The smaller subunit comes in contact with mRNA and forms a protein synthesizing
complex whereas the larger subunit acts as an amino acid binding site.
acts as a catalyst for forming peptide bond. For example, 23s r-RNA
in bacteria acts as a ribozyme.