What is bagging technique? How is it useful in a plant breeding programme?
Various artificial hybridization techniques (under various crop improvement
programmes) involve the removal of the anther from bisexual flowers without
affecting the female reproductive part (pistil) through the process of
emasculation. Then, these emasculated flowers are wrapped in bags to prevent
pollination by unwanted pollen grains. This process is called bagging.
This technique is an important part of the plant breeding programme as it
ensures that pollen grains of only desirable plants are used for fertilization
of the stigma to develop the desired plant variety.