The word Geography originates from the Greek words �Geo or
Gaea� both meaning "Earth", and �graphein� meaning "to
describe" or "to map". Hence it can be inferred that
Geography is the science of the earth i.e., the study of the
surface of the earth, the location and distribution of its
physical and cultural features, the aerial outlines of
places, and also the interrelation of these features as they
influence human population.
Educational Qualification: The minimum qualification for
taking up the course is 10+2 with high marks in social
sciences including geography. For the degree courses, there
is an entrance test in which the aptitude of aspirants is
checked for the specialized study of Geography. A first
�class Hons.degree in geography for postgraduate course in
geography is generally a prerequisite.
Personal attributes: Aspirants for this field must have the
ability to enjoy creating and imagining; this is among those
professions where learning from others plays an important
role in the budding stages. An inborn talent, dedication, an
eye to form, ability to utilize colors and creative ability
to develop original ideas are also important factors.
Geography offers several career options with numerous
Cartography - Geographers who specialize in this make maps,
charts, globes and models
Survey - Geographers can specialize in surveying, either by
joining the Survey of India or state Survey Departments or
Private organizations. Surveyors map the surface of the
earth through mathematical observations and field work.
Urban and Regional planning - (Qualification required:
Geography graduates or post graduates) this specialization
is concerned with planning, housing and development projects
with respect to their location and utilization of available
land-space. There are degree courses available in this
Town Planning - (Qualification required: Post Graduates in
geography) They are employed by public and private
organizations engaged in Urban planning and design and by
NGOS involved in rural development projects. Many
universities are offering Diploma courses in the specialized
field of Town Planning.
Remote Sensing - Studies of quickly changing phenomena such
as floods, draught and forest fires, etc. Remote sensing
satellites provide a variety of information about the
Depending on their area of specialization, geographers may
be employed as forest managers or in agricultural or
economic institutes or as demographers in government and
research organizations. A geography background is also an
asset for careers in travel and tourism, particularly for
travel Journalism. Geography also helps in competitive
examinations and general knowledge papers.
Since the nature of job prospects is very diverse, the
salary can vary tremendously. Though, initially pay packet
in this field of work is not as lucrative as other hot
career options, one can expect a starting salary somewhere
around Rs. 8,000 - 12,000 per month.