Paramilitary Forces

12/11/2014 Career

The defence services of the country are responsible for the guarding our
national boundaries from external aggression.However for internal
security, as also for providing additional support to the defence forces
in guarding the national frontiers, paramilitary services viz., CRPF,
BSF, ITBP and CISF had been constituted many decades ago.Each of these
units plays a well-defined role besides coming to the nation's rescue at
times of national calamities and emergencies.

Indian
Paramilitary Forces are the agencies of the Ministry of Defence or the
Ministry of Home Affairs which act as armed forces auxiliaries and are
considered part of the Indian Armed Forces.The Indian Paramilitary
Forces (PMF) are second largest (Second only to the Chinese People's
Armed Police with 1.5 million personnel) and most formidable
paramilitary force in the world.

Classification

Paramilitary
personnel are responsible for maintaining internal security aspects and
help the defense in guarding the porous national border. The services
related to the paramilitary forces come under the purview of central
government. The Paramilitary forces have been classified according to
their roles and well defined services for the nation. They are:

  • Assam Rifles
  • Border Security Force
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police
  • Special Frontier Force
  • Central Reserve Police Force
  • Central Industrial Security Force
  • National Security Guard
Each
force plays a well-defined role besides coming to the nation�s rescue
at times of national calamities. The forces viz., CRPF, BSF, ITBP and
CISF are the major players in providing internal security to the nation.
Another paramilitary outfit, the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is deployed
along the Indo-Nepal border.

CRPF

CRPF
stands for Central Reserve Police Force. The primary responsibility of
the Force is to help states in management of internal security and riot
control. Rapid Action Force is a specialised wing of CRPF, which was
especially raised for countering terrorism and insurgency in 1992. The
force has the distinction of having two exclusive 'Mahilla' i.e. women
battalions.

BSF

BSF stands Border
Security Force. As the name suggests the main area of work for this
force is near the borders of the country. During peacetime they check
trans-border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory
of India, prevent smuggling and activities promote a sense of security
amongst the people living in the border areas. During the times of war
BSF is deployed at vital installations to protect them from enemy attack
and also at lesser-threatened sectors.

ITBP

ITBP
stands for Indo-Tibetan Border Police. This force was established
mainly for the protection and safeguarding our border areas adjoining
Tibet. However now they are also deployed for internal security duties
like providing security cover to VIPs. Strength wise it is a much
smaller force than CRPF and BSF.

CISF

CISF
stands for Central Industrial Security Force. This force was raised to
provide security to industrial establishments and handling labour
unrest. However recently they have also been handed over the
responsibility to provide security cover to some of the major airports
in the country and other such duties related to internal security. The
force has also geared itself to provide consultancy services in the area
of security cover of industrial establishments.

Paramilitary Forces Eligibility Criteria


Graduates
from any stream, who can pass the written test as well as the physical
fitness criteria, are all welcome to join in. The forces take in
candidates at the Sub-Inspector level, wherein the academic eligibility
is not very high, but the physical fitness is given more emphasis.
Similarly, there are vacancies for technical graduates, education
officers, medical officers, and other specialists.

Apart from
this, candidates who have just completed Class X or XII can apply for
the post of a jawan. There are different requirements in the four
distinct levels at which recruitment takes place � jawans, technical
personnel (like radio operators), sub-inspectors and finally, officers
(the highest rank being assistant commandant).

While for the
jawans, meeting the physical fitness criteria of height, weight and
chest-size is very important (they also have to appear for a written
test on general knowledge), at the officer level there is a full-fledged
written exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission and an
interview.

The age limit for applicants is a minimum of 18 years
and maximum of 26 years, which is relaxable for Scheduled Castes and
Scheduled Tribes. Vacancies are announced regularly in the electronic
and print media.

Paramilitary Forces Career Prospects


Young,
energetic and adventurous individuals are always attracted to a career
in the paramilitary forces. A career in para-military forces gives
prestige as well as honour to the person associated with a particular
job.

Once you are selected, the training takes place according
to the specific paramilitary organisation that you have entered. Women
can also enter the paramilitary services, but the scope for them is
limited.

The opportunities available in Para-military forces are
many. With the growing concern for domestic security, their services
have also been required in a wide range of areas. They already play
anti-terrorist and counter-insurgency roles but they can also be brought
in to crush communal disharmony and to maintain the security and
integrity of the country in times of discord

So if you are really
interested for a daring career to serve the country, then the
paramilitary could be the best career of your choice.

Paramilitary Forces Pay Packages


The
perks and allowances make the paramilitary forces a very lucrative
career option. Salary structures vary depending on the rank and force.
The basic starting salary at the officer level is approximately Rs
8,000, though the gross works out to be around Rs 15,000 to Rs.16, 000,
not including perks such as free ration, travel and medical allowance,
etc. For jawans the starting basic salary can be around Rs.3, 050, the
gross being close to Rs.6, 000, excluding uniform, ration allowance,
travel and medical allowance.

Apart from monthly salary and
allowances, outstanding and exclusive training - from horseback riding
to training in the various styles of self-defence - that anyone who
joins the paramilitary forces receives. These make the Para-military
services a much sought-after profession.�

The defence services
of the country are responsible for the guarding our national boundaries
from external aggression.However for internal security, as also for
providing additional support to the defence forces in guarding the
national frontiers, paramilitary services viz., CRPF, BSF, ITBP and CISF
had been constituted many decades ago.Each of these units plays a
well-defined role besides coming to the nation's rescue at times of
national calamities and emergencies.

Indian Paramilitary Forces
are the agencies of the Ministry of Defence or the Ministry of Home
Affairs which act as armed forces auxiliaries and are considered part of
the Indian Armed Forces.The Indian Paramilitary Forces (PMF) are second
largest (Second only to the Chinese People's Armed Police with 1.5
million personnel) and most formidable paramilitary force in the world.

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