Disaster Management

12/11/2014 Career

Disaster management, which is also known as emergency management, can be
defined as dealing with and avoiding both natural and manmade
disasters. Disaster management involves preparedness before disaster,
rebuilding and supporting society after natural disasters such as,
earthquakes, drought, tsunami etc. Nowadays, both government and non
government organizations work in the field of disaster management. In
public sector, it may be defined as civil defense or emergency services.
On the other hand, in the private sector, it is generally referred to
business continuity planning. Disaster management planning should be
used as daily work along with establishment and management of local
facilities and resources.

There are several principles of disaster management, which include the
right use of resources for the day-to-day purposes, coordination between
various organizations, efforts of individuals, focus of large scale
events, right knowledge of geographical location and nature of the
society etc. In India, there are many areas, which are often affected
with natural calamity or manmade disasters. They have become top
priority for the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of
India. As a result, the study of disaster management has been included
in the curriculum of many private and government-run institutes in

Course Details
The courses in disaster
management are offered at the certificate, undergraduate, postgraduate
degree and diploma levels. In such a course, a person it taught
different areas of disaster management, which includes management of the
situation of emergency, response to the needs of the people and the
area, evacuation process, distribution of food and medical care for the
injured people. To pursue a career in disaster management, one has to
pass in Higher Secondary Certificate Examination (10+2) for the
certificate and UG programs. For the PG courses, the students should be
graduates in any field, from any recognized institute or a University.

Career Prospects
in disaster management are generally found in public sector. Apart from
that, students can build their career in emergency services, law
enforcement, local authorities, relief agencies, non-governmental
organizations and international agencies such as the UNO. After joining
any organization, the person can work as systems or network
administrator, database analyst or administrator, security
administration or operations analyst. They can also offer service as
social workers, engineers, medical health experts, environmental
experts, rehabilitation workers, etc.

Top Colleges Offering UG/PG/Other Courses
number of institutions in India are admitting students to courses in
disaster management, which are offered at different degree levels. Some
of the prominent institutions are Indira Gandhi National Open University
(New Delhi), University of North Bengal (Darjeeling), International
Centre of Madras University (University of Madras), Mahatma Gandhi
University (Kottayam), Disaster Management Institute (Bhopal), Centre
for Disaster Management (Maharashtra), The National Civil Defense
College (Nagpur) and National Institute Of Disaster Management (Delhi).

government and non-government organizations in India have their own
salary packages in the field of disaster management. Those, who are at
entry level, can earn around Rs. 8,000 - Rs10,000 per month. The
candidates with two or three year's experience can easily earn between
Rs. 15,000 and 20,000 per month. On the other hand, well experienced
candidates can be paid up to Rs. 1,50,000 per month.

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