Lab Technology

12/10/2014 Career


Medical Laboratory
Technology also called Clinical laboratory science is an
allied health profession which is concerned with the
diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease through the
use of clinical laboratory tests. These tests help doctors
to detect, diagnose and treat diseases. A Medical�
Laboratory Technologist (MLT) do these tests by analyzing
body fluids, tissues, blood typing, microorganism
screening, chemical analyses, cell counts of� human body
etc. They play an important�role in collecting the
information's needed, sampling, testing, reporting and
documentation�of these investigations. They determine the
presence, extent or absence of disease and provide data
needed to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment.

There are two levels of medical laboratory workers -
Technicians and Technologists.�

technologists work in five major areas of the laboratory
ie, in Blood banking, Clinical Chemistry (chemical
analysis of body fluids), Hematology (blood related),
Immunology (study of immune system) and Microbiology
(study of bacteria and other disease organisms). They also
work in the areas of cytotechnology (study of human
tissue), phlebotomy, urinalysis, coagulation,�parasitology
and serology.�Phlebotomists draw and test blood where as
Blood bank technologists determine correct blood types for
transfusions. Histology technicians cut and stain tissue

technologists have more training and job responsibilities.
They perform complex tests such as microscopic
examinations of tissues, blood and other body fluids to
detect evidence of disease and detect the presence of
bacteria, fungi, parasites etc and chemical tests to
determine blood cholesterol levels. They also match blood
samples for transfusions and test drug levels in blood to
determine how patients are responding to medications. They
are often responsible for making sure that testing is done
accurately. In some labs, technologists conduct research
under the supervision of medical researchers.�

technicians do routine laboratory testing manually
according to instructions. They work under Technologists
or supervisors. Technicians may prepare specimens and
operate machines that automatically analyze samples. In
addition to running tests, technicians set up, clean, and
maintain laboratory equipment, such as centrifuges,
microscopes etc. They also prepare standard solutions for
use in the lab. This involves measuring and mixing the
correct amount of various chemicals.�

Some of
the courses offered in Lab Technology are Bachelor of
Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT), Diploma in Medical
Laboratory Technology (DMLT). BMLT course for Medical Lab
Technologists is structured to train students in the
clinical Laboratory analysis of blood, urine, feces,
cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, ascetic fluid etc to
aid the doctors in arriving at a correct diagnosis and
treatment of the disease.�There are also Diploma /
Certificate courses for lab technicians / assistants in
general and in different specialties such as Diplomas in
EEG Lab Technician, Histopathology Lab Technician etc.

authorities concerned with Medical lab technology in India
are All India Institute of Medial Technologists E-mail
Contact Us and All India Medical laboratory
Technologists Association E-mail:
Contact Us

Medical Laboratory Technology Programs provides its
graduates with numerous employment possibilities in
laboratories throughout the country.�

- The basic eligibility criteria for
Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is 10+2�
or equivalent with Science subjects��

and Work Area - The career of lab a
worker depends on academic and technical skills.

-The challenges and rewards of a Lab
technician is high

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