Forensic Science

12/10/2014 Career

Forensic Science 




Forensic Science is rapidly progressing in the new
millennium. The modern crime detection technique keeps
the investigators one step ahead of criminals. The most
important breakthrough has been the identification of
the criminal as well as the victim whose body has been
mutilated or is in an advanced state of decomposition.



Career prospects
 



The new
area of computer crimes has also received due attention
and with passage of new laws dealing with various
aspects of information technology would enable the law
enforcement agencies in detecting the computer crimes
and catching the culprit. In most cases computer crimes
involve financial frauds. In terms of clinical forensic
medicine, forensic psychology is also gaining ground and
playing a very important role not only in detection of
crimes but also in correctional methodology and
rehabilitation of perpetrators and victims. In terms of
legal medicine per se, newer and newer laws are being
enacted dealing with human body and biotechnology.



Various Areas Of Specialisation:



Forensic pathology

- Forensic pathology is the application of the
principles of pathology and medicine to the legal
requirements of the investigating authority. They
perform autopsies to determine the cause, manner and the
time of death and work closely with the investigators in
cases involving assault, homicide, accidents etc. A
little-recognised role of the forensic pathologist is in
areas of public health and safety and injury prevention.



Forensic dentistry

- These professionals are involved in
identification of deceased persons through dental
remains, bite mark analysis and examination of oral
facial structures for determination of injury, possible
malpractice or insurance fraud.



Forensic psychiatry & behavioral science
- A broad range of legal
issues are addressed by forensic psychiatry and
behavioral sciences like, the patient's competence to
stand trial, determining the mental condition of the
accused, juvenile delinquency, child custody, parental
fitness, spouse abuse etc. The psychiatrist carefully
examines the past, and the present mental functioning of
the miscreant so as to predict probable behavioral
patterns for the future. Experts in this field are
called upon to put together the criminal profiles of the
most wanted for the investigators to understand his mind
and course of actions, which will aid in apprehending
him.



Forensic anthropology

- It is the anthropologist who is
initially called in to identify the victim and confirm
whether the remains are human or not. They determine
sex, age, state of health, ancestral background, and
identify indications of trauma if any. They recreate the
face and history behind the unidentifiable human
remains. Some are proficient in the art of facial
reproduction, which involves the modeling of how a face
may appear in the living subject with only the surviving
reference of a skull.



Forensic toxicology

- It is the study of the harmful effects
of chemicals on living systems with emphasis on the
conditions under which they occur. The first challenge
he faces is often the immediate identification of the
toxin in a limited sample of blood, urine or gastric
contents which can go on to clinch the case.




Wildlife forensics

- Poaching violations, the Endangered
Species Act and the United Nations Convention on
International trade in Endangered Species are some of
the factors which helped create this new field. The
identification of wildlife evidence is much more
complicated as evidence is often in bits and pieces of
the animal remains. These experts are often required to
develop new species.




identification characteristics though research and
detailed documentation to build a case and testify in
courts. This field also includes crime scene
photography, crime scene response, evidence collection,
arson investigation, study of firearms and ammunitions,
toxins and document examination in cases of forgery.



Soft Skills:

In order to make a career in this field
one has to have a keen for details and very strong
analytical skills and powers of observation. They should
also have a logical bent of mind and should possess good
communication skills in order to give comprehendible
testimonies in court.



Qualification and Job Details :
The candidates who want to
qualify for the 2-year M.Sc. in Forensic Science should
have a graduate degree in science with Physics,
Chemistry, Zoology, Botany, Biochemistry, or Applied
Sciences. The state forensic departments employ
professionals through the state public service
commission exam. The CBI's forensic laboratory in Delhi
recruits candidates through the Union Public Service
Commission exams. One can also be employed in the
vigilance department or take up teaching in colleges
offering criminology courses. To freelance, one needs a
certification by the state forensics department.
Assignments will include insurance claims, document
registrations, forgery and other white-collar crimes.



Remuneration

The various state forensics departments employ
professionals to help the police in solving crimes and
apprehending criminals. The CBI also employs these
professionals on specific cases. The state department
salaries begin around Rs. 4000 and increases according
to the rank and years of experience. A freelancer in the
field can charge according to requirements of the
individual case. Experienced professionals can be
employed in Law colleges and teach specialised subjects
for psychology students.



Institutions :

The state Forensics departments offer
certificate courses in various fields of Forensic
Sciences. These courses are recognised all over India
and the students get ample hands on experience during
their courses as they assist their seniors in handling
and analysing the evidence.




Usefull website links :




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