Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine

12/10/2014 Career

Allopathic system has its own disadvantages
and with growing awareness these disadvantages are coming to light.

So, more
and more people are shifting their medicinal requirements from Allopathy to
Alternate Medicine. Thus, this is one of the fast emerging fields. The
Indian Systems of Medicine - Ayurveda, siddha, Unani and drugless therapies
like Yoga and Naturopathy-have been widely practised in India for centuries.
Homeopathy, though originated in Germany, has been widely accepted and
practised in India. The traditional, centuries-long system combined with
modern technological systems and innovations make India, a direct, natural
leader in the Alternate Medicine. AYUSH is one of the fast emerging fields,
which with time, will expand globally. Already a number of foreigners come
to India to avail AYUSH service. Add to them the Indian's who continue to
believe in AYUSH more than in Allopathy

Government, too, realising the need and potential of the systems, formulated
for the first time, a separate National Policy on Indian Systems of Medicine
and Homoeopathy 2002. The basic objectives of the Policy are to promote good
health, expand the outreach and to ensure the affordable AYUSH service to
the people, as also to integrate. AYUSH in healthcare delivery systems in
the national programmes.

With the
rising popularity of Alternate Medicines, it is but natural that there is a
growing demand for professionals in the field. And there are a number of
colleges that offer courses in AYUSH. The Government has formed the Central
Council of Indian Medicine to regulate and practice of AYUSH. Recently, the
University Grants Commission also approved a proposal ot start diploma and
graduate courses in the pharmacy branch of the Indian Systems of Medicine.

The health
care infrastructure under AYUSH available in India consists of 3,845
hospitals with 65,159- bed capacity, 23,630 dispensaries, 439 undergraduate
colleges, 96 colleges having Post Graduate Departments, 9,226 licensed
manufacturing units and 6.95 lakh registered practitioners of Indian Systems
of Medicine and Homoeopathy in the country. An outlay of Rs.775 crore has
been allocated under the Tenth Five-Year Plan. The Plan allocation for
2004-2005 is rs.181 crore.


Students who have completed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology can opt
for five-and-a-half year bachelors degree courses, in Ayurvedacharya, which
is equivalent to an MBBS degree. This can be followed by an MD in Ayurveda
and topped with a Ph.D (Ayurvedavaridhi). For more information on the
eligibility conditions and mode of selection you can contact:

The central Council of Indian Medicine

Plot No.61-65, Institutional Area,

Janakpuri New Delhi-58

or Visit



There are
seven apex national level institutions relating to AYUSH where one can be
employed. Central and State governments also employ degree and PG degree
holders at various levels. NGOs and social welfare institutions too employ
and seek opinion and advise from AYUSH experts. Pharmaceutical companies and
other private sector groups (for e.g., Dabur, Hamdard, Mahrishi Ayurveda,
etc.) employ these professionals. Various hospitals and clinics have opened
separate wings for these professionals. Some of them for e.g., Kairali,
Dr.Batra's Clinic, are solely concentrating in and contributing to the
fields. Apart from these, there is always the path of private practice,
where one can earn name and fame apart from maney

Bangalore-Based National Institute of Unani Medicine, an autonomous
organisation under the Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family
welfare, has notified for a three-year PG course in Mahir-e-Tib (MD Unani)
in different disciplines. For further details and application form you can
log on to



  • Banaras
    Hindu University, Varanasi (U.P.)

  • Gujarat
    Ayurveda University, Jamnagar (Gujarat)

  • Ayurveda
    and Unani Tibbia College, Delhi

  • Ayurveda
    Mahavidyalaya, Gaya (Bihar)

  • National
    Homeopathic Medical College, Lucknow (U.P.)

  • Guwahati
    University, Guwahati (Assam)

  • Government Homeopathic Medical College, Bangalore (Karnataka)

  • SV
    Ayurveda College, Tirupati (Tamilnadu)

  • Tibia
    College, New Delhi

  • JB Rai
    State Ayurvedic College Kolkata

  • Gurukul
    Ayurvedic College, Hardwar

  • National
    Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

  • Gujarat
    Ayurveda University Jamnagar

  • State
    Ayurvedic College, Guwahan

  • Poddar
    Ayurvedic College, Mumbai

  • ISM
    Colleges in Hyderabad, Vijayawada and Warangal

  • National
    Institute of Naturopathy, Pune

  • Sri
    Ayurveda College, Nagpur

  • National
    Institute of Siddha, Chennai

  • National
    Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore

  • Morarji
    Desai National Institute of Yoga, New Delhi

  • National
    Institute of Homoeopathy, Kolkata.

  • Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidhyapeeth, New Delhi.

  • All
    India Institute of Ayurveda is being set up in Sarita Vihar, New Delhi.

Even though
Allopathy still retains its supremacy, an increasing number of people have
started opting for Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathy for treatment of various
diseases, specially the chronic ones. That is because like Allopathic
medicines, the traditional medicines are effective and have little or no
side effects. As a result, these traditional systems of medical treatment
have now become a part of the multimillion dollar industry that includes
manufacture as well as research and development. The total Indian market for
such medicines is around Rs.5,000 crore and is growing at the rate of 15
percent per annum. There are more than 1.5 million registered practitioners
and nearly 200 educational institutions churning out 9,000 graduates every
year in various methods of traditional medicine.

speaking, there are two systems of traditional medicine - Ayurveda and Unani.
Ayurveda, as a science of medicine, has been in practice in the country for
over 3,000 years. It advocates use of medicines prepared from plants and
herbs. It lays greater emphasis on prevention rather than cure. In recent
times, awareness about the curing potential of the Ayurveda has increased.
Now, even the practitioners of Allopathy have started prescribing Ayurvedic
medicines. With the opening of the Indian economy, Ayurveda has gained in
popularity overseas, which is reflected in thronging of Ayurvedic clinics in
kerala and other places by foreigners. As a result, Ayurveda mixed with
tourism has become a great source of foreign exchange earnings.

In India,
there are 168 colleges offering a total of 7,506 seats at the undergraduate
level. The Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is a 5 1/2
years course including 18 months of training in any Ayuvedic hospital. There
are 52 colleges with 597 seats which offer postgraduate courses. The
duration of the course is 2 1/2 years and is equivalent to M.D. degree. The
M.D. students can opt for specialisation in fields like Dravyagunam
(knowledge of medicinal plants), kaya Chikitsa (general medicine), Rasa
Shastra (study of mineral and metallic preparations for treatment of chronic
diseases), Shalya (surgery), etc. In addition, M.D. students have to
undertake a research project and submit a thesis. If you want to pursue
still higher studies you can opt for Ph.D. for which only 25 seats are
available. The duration of acquiring Ph.D. degree is generally three years.
Further, there is also a postgraduate diploma in Panchakarma. It is a
specialisation course and gives training in various types of oil therapies,
enema, virechan and vaman.

It is
important that students enrolling in various Aryurveda courses must have a
prior knowledge of the human anatomy. They should know the basic techniques
of massage and should also have the knowledge and understanding of health,
safety and hygiene. A decent command over English helps growth in this
arena. Jobs for graduates or M.Ds are available in Ayurvedic hospitals,
dispensaries and primary health care centres. You can also set up your own
clinic, presently, a few of you can get jobs with industrial research
houses, production units and marketing. Large scale development of Ayurvedic
spas in various parts of the country has also opened up a new avenue for
Ayurvedic graduates and postgraduates.

is considered the father of medicine as well as Unani system, which date
back to the 5th century B.Com. This system was later on adopted by the Arabs
and developed into a comprehensive therapeutic system. According to
historical documents, the Unani system of medicine got introduced into India
around 10th century. Like the other traditional systems of medicine, here
also, there are no side effects. Though this system is not very much in use,
it has tremendous potential in curing various diseases.

should have passed 10+2 to get admission in a Unani Tibbia College which
offers a course. A number of such colleges offer courses at graduate as well
as postgraduate levels. Since this system's terminology is mostly in Arabic
and Persian, proficiency in these two languages will help you in achieving
success at a faster rate. Due to language problems, less people opt for
Unani. Also, getting raw materials becomes difficult at times.

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