Dairy technology is a part of science, dealing with the processing of milk and its products. It deals with the study of packaging, processing, transportation, storage and distribution of dairy products by implyingh the science of biochemistry, bacteriology and nutrition. Apart from that, some principles of chemistry, physics, engineering and economics are also included in the field of dairy technology, in order to develop the proper utilization of milk and its products. The study also includes various experiments of effects of different kinds of feed, environmental conditions of milk production and several types of research regarding the prevention of wastage and damage of milk and milk products.
Dairy industry plays a very important role in India's agro-based economy. Since the advent of Anand Milk Union Ltd (AMUL) in 1946, the dairy industry has maintained its position as one among the major exporting industries of India. It has also increased the demand of talented and trained professionals in both public and private sector, to serve in the field of dairy technology. By considering the importance of dairy technology, many educational institutes have included courses in the field to train young aspirants.
A number of institutes in India impart the study of dairy technology through courses at various degree levels. These courses are being offered generally at the undergraduate (Bachelor of Science - Dairy Technology), postgraduate (Master of Science - Dairy Technology / Dairy Science) and postgraduate diploma level program in dairy technology. Various engineering colleges have included dairy technology in their curriculum and are offering B Tech course in dairy technology. To pursue the UG courses, one must have passed 10+2 examination with science stream, from any recognized state/national Board. For the PG degree and diploma courses, one has to complete his/her graduation in relevant stream, from any recognized University. Students are admitted through entrance test, which is conducted at national level.
Due to the formation of the National Dairy Development Board in India, the importance of dairy technologists has increased. Many government and private organizations are looking for professionals in the field who can perform designing, development and execution of their crucial projects. After completing the relevant course, one can join any dairy equipment manufacturing plant or entrepreneurial ventures in milk plants or ice cream units as a supervisor / dairy consultant / project execution.
Top Colleges Offering UG/PG/Other Courses
National Dairy Research Institute (Karnal and Bangalore), Sheth MC College of Dairy Science (Gujarat), Dairy Science Institute (Mumbai), College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences - Kerala Agricultural University (Thrissur), National Dairy Research Institute - Indian Council of Agricultural Research, (Haryana), College of Dairy Science - Rajasthan Agricultural University (Udaipur), College Of Veterinary Science (Andhra Pradesh), Sanjay Gandhi Institute Of Dairy Technology (Bihar) and College Of Dairy Technology (Madhya Pradesh) are some of the prominent colleges in India, conducting course in Dairy Technology.
At the starting level, professionals in the field of dairy technology can earn around Rs 4000 � Rs 7000 per month. Those holding higher posts can earn between Rs 10000 - Rs15000 per month.�