Mechanical Engineering

12/10/2014 Career



Mechanical engineering, the broadest of all Engineering
disciplines deals with design and production of tools, machines and all
other mechanical equipment to be used in industries. The industry offers a
wide choice of options extending across many interdisciplinary
interdependent specialties. Mechanical engineering is concerned with all
types of machinery in industries and all aspects of their mechanism and
functioning; the design, development, construction, production,
installation, operation and maintenance; such as large steam and gas
turbines, components of thermal power stations, internal combustion
engines, jet engines, machine tools, air conditioning and heating
machines, refigerators etc to name a few. They not only design and create
new products, but also develop materials for them and ways of making them.


In a way, mechanical engineers are involved in creating the future.
They are the driving force behind many of our technology and industrial
processes including innovative products like mobiles, PCs and DVD etc in
our modern world. The work of a Mechanical Engineer can be extremely
challenging and fulfilling, requiring� IT, design and analytical skills
together with an ability to work as a team. As their work involves
production, transmission and use of mechanical power and heat, they have
to analyse the different materials used for the machines and their
tolerances, investigate the different energy sources and the power they
generate and the design problems if any. When designing and making a
commercial product they have to take into account all the business and
marketing aspects to make sure that the product is affordable. They share
interests with many other engineers like civil engineers in structures and
stress analysis; Electrical engineers in electronics, computing and
control theory; Aeronautical Engineers in fluid flow and turbomachinery
etc and also design tools needed by other engineers for their work. They
work as part of a team with other engineers as well as financial, business
and management professionals on a project together. Mechanical Engineers
are also responsible for maintenance and repair of the devices. Care has
to be taken that the plants give maximum output and the machinery is
properly maintained.


The specialisations include in areas like thermal engineering, design,
and production engineering etc. Mechanical engineers work mainly in
manufacturing firms. They can find work in administrative and managerial
positions in government departments or public and private sector
industries or do research as well as teaching in Research and teaching
institutes. They could also opt for technical sales / marketing or work as
independent consultants.�


EDUCATION



A Bachelor of Science (BS) / Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree in Mechanical
Engineering is offered at many universities in the United States, and
similar programs are offered at universities in most industrialised
nations. In the U.S., Japan, Germany, Canada, Taiwan, South Korea & etc,
Mechanical Engineering programs typically take 4 to 5 years and result in
a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering or BSc (Mech Eng), but
some countries like Singapore, Malaysia, India, and Nigeria offer a 4
years Bachelor of Science (BSc) / Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) degree
with Honors (Hons) in Mechanical Engineering at most colleges. In
Australia & New Zealand requirement are typically a 4 years Bachelor of
Engineering (BE or BEng) degree, equivalent to the British MEng level,
which includes a work experience component of around 13 week in the final
year of study. A BEng degree differ from a BSc degree in that the students
obtain a broad based education consisting of information relevant to
various engineering disciplines.


Most Mechanical Engineering programs are accredited in the U.S. by ABET
to ensure similar course requirements and standards between universities.


Some Mechanical Engineers go on to pursue a postgraduate degree such as
a Master of engineering /Master of science, a Master of
management(MEng.Mgt), a Doctor of philosophy in Engineering (DEng) or an
engineer's degree . The Master and Engineer's degree may consist of either
research, coursework or a mixture of the two. The Doctor of Philosophy
consists of a significant research component and is often viewed as the
entry point to acadmia .


After being awarded a degree, Engineers may seek lincensure by a state
government. To become a licensed Professional Engineer, an Engineer
must,pass the comprehensive FE (Fundamentals of Engineering)
exam, work a given number of years as an Engineering Intern (EI)
or Engineer-in-Training (EIT), pass the Principles and
Practice
or PE (Practicing Engineer or Professional Engineer)
exam.


In the United States, the requirements and steps of this process are
set forth by the National counsil of Examiners for engineers and surveying
(NCEES), website , a national non-profit representing all states.


The purpose of this process is to ensure that engineers possess the
necessary technical knowledge and real-world experience to Engineer
safely. Some Mechanical Engineers choose to become licensed; those that do
can be distinguished as Professional Engineers by the postnominel title
PE, as in: John Wilfred, PE. A distinction similar to
practicing engineer status is the Chartered engineers('CEng') status
awarded by some European, Asian and Oceanic engineering organizations. "In
most modern countries, certain engineering tasks, such as the design of
bridges, electric power plants, and chemical plants, must be approved by a
Professional Engineer or a Chartered engineer ." In the UK current
graduates require a MSc, MEng or Beng (Hons) in order to become chartered
through the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, unlike in many other
European countries, the term Engineer is not legally protected within the
United Kingdom. Once certified the engineer is designated the title of
Professional Engineer (in the United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea
and South Africa), Chartered Engineer (in the U.K., Ireland, India and
Zimbabwe), Chartered Professional Engineer (in Australia and New Zealand)
or European Engineer ( much of the European Union). In the USA and Canada,
only a licensed engineer may seal engineering work for public and private
clients. This requirement is offered by state and provincial legislation
such as Quebec's Engineer Act. In other countries, such as Australia, no
such legislation exist. Pratically all certifying bodies maintain a code
of ethics that they expect all members to abide by or risk expulsion. In
countries such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the USA, Mechanical
Engineers make up around 0.25% of the labor force. Outside of these
countries, it is difficult to gauge the demographics of profession due to
less meticulous reporting on labor statistics. However, in term of
mechanical engineering graduates per capita, mechanical engineering
graduates would probably be most numerous in countries such as Taiwan,
Japan and South Korea.




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