Civil engineering is one of the broadest of the
engineering disciplines, extending across many technical
specialties. Civil engineers plan, design, and supervise
the construction of facilities essential to modern life.
These facilities vary widely in nature, size, and scope
and include space satellites and launching facilities,
offshore structures, bridges, buildings, tunnels,
highways, transit systems, dams, airports, harbors, water
supply system and wastewater treatment plants. A civil
engineer is responsible for planning and designing a
project, constructing the project to the required scale,
and maintenance of the product. A civil engineer requires
not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also
supervisory and administrative skills.
The basic eligibility criteria to get admitted into BE/B.Tech
in Civil Engineering is 10+2 or equivalent examination,
with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. BE / B.Tech in
Civil Engineering courses are of 4 years' duration.
Selection into this course is made on the basis of marks
secured in 10+2 exam and marks secured in Joint Entrance
Exam (JEE) conducted by IITs or All India Engineering
Entrance Exam (AIEEE) or other state and national level
exams. There are both degree as well as diploma courses.
One can go for the 3 year diploma course after the 10th
standard (SSC). For M.E or M.Tech in Civil Engineering one
must complete the BE / B.Tech program successfully.
Further studies up to Ph.D. level are also an option for
anyone interested in Research or Academics.
Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction
projects carried out by the state or central government
the public works departments, the railways and military.
Civil Engineers are mostly required in private
construction and real estate companies as project
engineers. Civil Engineers also employed in various
industries to design the structures related to these
industries. Those who are down to earth people may join
various NGOs working in water shade management and other
areas. Civil engineering graduates can also go in for
research and take up teaching or they can open their own
independent consultancy services. They also can join the
lucrative Indian Engineering Services conducted by Union
Public Service Commission.
Several institutes in India offer Chemical Engineering as
a subject. Prominent among them are seven
�IITs at Chennai, Delhi,
Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, Bangalore and Roorkee.
National Institutes of Technology
located all over the country also provide this course.
Indian Institute of Information
Indian Institute of Information
Technology & Management, Gwalior;
Indian Institute of Science,
Delhi College of Engineering,
Anna University, Chennai;
Birla Institute of Technology,
Haldia Institute of Technology
Lingaya's Institute of Management
& Technology, Faridabad;
IEC College of Engg and
Technology, Greater NOIDA.
Civil Engineers employed in government departments get
starting salary of Rs 8000 to Rs12000 while seniors may
get up to Rs 20000. Professors in engineering collages
have salaries as fixed by UGC. Those civil engineers
working in private sector particularly in construction and
designing field are getting more than Rs 30000 per month.
With some experience they may go up to Rs 50000 to Rs
60000 per month. Consultancy in civil engineering is also
highly remunerative depending upon number and nature of