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Aquaculture

12/10/2014 Career



Aquaculture as a profession involves the cultivation and
propagation of natural living produce of water, such as,
shrimp, fish, squid, cuttle, fish, lobsters, etc. This also
includes marine produce suitable for consumption as well as
for industrial and medicinal purposes. India with its 7,500 km
long coastline, a large inland water system and rich natural
resources, has good prospects of becoming a dominant supplier
of seafood which is highly sought after throughout the world.



With the
opening up of the economy and thus liberalised industrial
policy of the Indian government with lower customs/excise
duties, the private sector has received encouragement for
participation in aquaculture. The aquaculture industry is
rapidly developing and providing employment to traditional
fishermen as well as to those highly skilled in the production
and breeding of fishery products. Ideal climatic conditions
and abundant natural resources available in the country have
also contributed to the growth of fisheries in India.



Training is
offered at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
Professional courses are offered to those with PG degrees.



The work of
an aquaculturist includes production and breeding of all
varieties of marine produce for consumption and industrial use
as well as processing of seafood. The main areas on the basis
of functions can be classified as followed:


 



  • Farm Management:




    This entails the performance of supervisory tasks like site
    selection, designing and construction of ponds, pond
    preparation, selective stocking, water quality management,
    feeding, growth, monitoring and hazard analysis up to the
    stage of harvesting and after.




  • Hatchery Management:




    Here, tasks include broad stock collection, spawning in
    artificial conditions, water quality management, feeding and
    rearing upto the post-larve stage, oxygen packing and
    transportation to farms. As it is a highly sophisticated
    area and there is a shortage of manpower in this country
    because aquaculture is new here, the companies are forced to
    recruit people from abroad. Majority of the people come from
    countries like Thailand and the Philippines.




  • Post-Harvest Management and Processing:


    This is very important because it prepares the products for
    exports after harvesting and any laxity can lead can lead to
    heavy losses.



  • Fishery Inspectors:




    They are involved in transporting fishes to different
    fishery stations.



  • Fishery Workers:




    They catch, breed and cultivate fish and other forms of
    aquatic life. They also prepare nets and other equipments,
    operate fishing vessels, and clean, freeze and salt fish.
    Then they deliver the fish caught to the whole sale buyers,
    markets and other organisations involved in exports
    business.



    Deep-sea fishery workers work as crew members of fishing
    vessels. They catch deep-sea fish for sale, or delivery them
    on a regular basis, to wholesale buyers and traders.

    Private companies as well as public sector organisations
    perform the tasks of scientific breeding, cultivation and
    management of fisheries and other natural living products in
    the seas. The workers generally look after fish cultivation.
    Most of the industries are located along the country's rich
    coastline.




  • Research:




    It deals with development of better and new varieties of
    aquaculture and extension work, at the Central and State
    levels and at private research institutes. Research is also
    conducted to increase the output and evolve better
    technologies for their preservation and processing. Many
    research projects have been taken up by the Indian Council
    of Agriculture Research, CFTRI, the Central Department of
    Biotechnology and other institutions, in order to improve
    the variety and production of fish, which in turn, would
    provide ample job opportunities in this field, especially in
    the area of self- to teach prospective scientists in
    research institutions and universities throughout the
    country.

Initially, an
aquaculturist's job involves living in remote coastal areas.
The job can be very interesting and challenging, provided one
has interest in marine life. Since, there is a scarcity of
skilled manpower for the designing, construction and
management of semiintensive fish farms and hatcheries, there
are openings for aquaculturists in private companies and
export organisations also. Therefore, the scope for employment
in this field is immense.


Where
To Study:






  • College of
    Fisheries- Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu)

  • Calcutta
    University - Kolkata (West Bengal)

  • Central
    Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE)- Kakinada (Andhra
    Pradesh)

  • Rajendra
    Agricultural University- Pusa (Bihar)

  • Central
    Polytechnic- Chennai (Tamil Nadu)

  • Assam
    Agricultural University- Jorhat (Assam)

  • Tamil Nadu
    Agriculture University - Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)


  • GB Pant
    University of Agriculture and Technology - Pantnagar (Uttaranchal).

  • Marine
    Product Processing Training centre-Mangalore (Karnataka)

  • University
    of Mumbai-Mumbai (Maharashtra).

 



Research facilities also exist in various universities,
including the following:
 



  • Madurai
    Kamraj University

  • University
    of Cochin

  • Mangalore
    Fisheries University

  • Central
    Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai.


  • CIFRI,
    Kharagpur.


ELIGIBILITY:


 




Graduate
degree in science. Higher degrees in
related fields preferred.


 



JOB PROSPECT:




Aquatic
careers are as varied as the habitats
with which they are associated. The
oceans are one obvious area in which
people focus their marine careers; but
there are many other aquatic
environments such as estuaries, lakes,
rivers, streams, and wetlands in which
people base their work




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