Aquaculture as a profession involves the cultivation and
propagation of natural living produce of water, such as,
shrimp, fish, squid, cuttle, fish, lobsters, etc. This also
includes marine produce suitable for consumption as well as
for industrial and medicinal purposes. India with its 7,500 km
long coastline, a large inland water system and rich natural
resources, has good prospects of becoming a dominant supplier
of seafood which is highly sought after throughout the world.
opening up of the economy and thus liberalised industrial
policy of the Indian government with lower customs/excise
duties, the private sector has received encouragement for
participation in aquaculture. The aquaculture industry is
rapidly developing and providing employment to traditional
fishermen as well as to those highly skilled in the production
and breeding of fishery products. Ideal climatic conditions
and abundant natural resources available in the country have
also contributed to the growth of fisheries in India.
offered at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
Professional courses are offered to those with PG degrees.
The work of
an aquaculturist includes production and breeding of all
varieties of marine produce for consumption and industrial use
as well as processing of seafood. The main areas on the basis
of functions can be classified as followed:
This entails the performance of supervisory tasks like site
selection, designing and construction of ponds, pond
preparation, selective stocking, water quality management,
feeding, growth, monitoring and hazard analysis up to the
stage of harvesting and after.
Here, tasks include broad stock collection, spawning in
artificial conditions, water quality management, feeding and
rearing upto the post-larve stage, oxygen packing and
transportation to farms. As it is a highly sophisticated
area and there is a shortage of manpower in this country
because aquaculture is new here, the companies are forced to
recruit people from abroad. Majority of the people come from
countries like Thailand and the Philippines.
Post-Harvest Management and Processing:
This is very important because it prepares the products for
exports after harvesting and any laxity can lead can lead to
They are involved in transporting fishes to different
They catch, breed and cultivate fish and other forms of
aquatic life. They also prepare nets and other equipments,
operate fishing vessels, and clean, freeze and salt fish.
Then they deliver the fish caught to the whole sale buyers,
markets and other organisations involved in exports
Deep-sea fishery workers work as crew members of fishing
vessels. They catch deep-sea fish for sale, or delivery them
on a regular basis, to wholesale buyers and traders.
Private companies as well as public sector organisations
perform the tasks of scientific breeding, cultivation and
management of fisheries and other natural living products in
the seas. The workers generally look after fish cultivation.
Most of the industries are located along the country's rich
It deals with development of better and new varieties of
aquaculture and extension work, at the Central and State
levels and at private research institutes. Research is also
conducted to increase the output and evolve better
technologies for their preservation and processing. Many
research projects have been taken up by the Indian Council
of Agriculture Research, CFTRI, the Central Department of
Biotechnology and other institutions, in order to improve
the variety and production of fish, which in turn, would
provide ample job opportunities in this field, especially in
the area of self- to teach prospective scientists in
research institutions and universities throughout the
aquaculturist's job involves living in remote coastal areas.
The job can be very interesting and challenging, provided one
has interest in marine life. Since, there is a scarcity of
skilled manpower for the designing, construction and
management of semiintensive fish farms and hatcheries, there
are openings for aquaculturists in private companies and
export organisations also. Therefore, the scope for employment
in this field is immense.
Fisheries- Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu)
University - Kolkata (West Bengal)
Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE)- Kakinada (Andhra
Agricultural University- Pusa (Bihar)
Polytechnic- Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
Agricultural University- Jorhat (Assam)
Agriculture University - Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)
University of Agriculture and Technology - Pantnagar (Uttaranchal).
Product Processing Training centre-Mangalore (Karnataka)
of Mumbai-Mumbai (Maharashtra).
Research facilities also exist in various universities,
including the following:
Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai.
degree in science. Higher degrees in
related fields preferred.
careers are as varied as the habitats
with which they are associated. The
oceans are one obvious area in which
people focus their marine careers; but
there are many other aquatic
environments such as estuaries, lakes,
rivers, streams, and wetlands in which
people base their work