Plant Pathology is a branch of agricultural science that deals with the study of
fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes, and other microbes that cause diseases of
The branch focuses on understanding how hosts, pathogens, and environments
interact to cause plant diseases and on
understanding how to control plant diseases.
A plant pathologist is a person who specializes in plant health much similar to
a physician who specializes in human health or a veterinarian in animal health.
With this agricultural technology option, students who wish to work for various
commodity, seed, and agri-chemical industries learn to apply these principles to
scientific agriculture and plant
Under the biotechnology option, students learn to apply these principles to
modern biology and plant medicine. The latter option is recommended for students
who wish to go on to graduate school or go to work right away in
biotechnological firms, universities, or research laboratories.
Plant Pathology Eligibility Criteria
In India, there are 34 state agricultural universities, 3 deemed agricultural
universities and 3 central universities offering courses in different
disciplines of agricultural science at
and postgraduate level.
Apart from offering Plant Pathology as an optional subject, few universities
offer specialized course in Plant Pathology both at undergraduate and
postgraduate level. There are total of 16 agricultural universities in India
having separate department of plant pathology.
Most of the agricultural universities in India offer bachelors andmasters programs
in Plant Pathology.
Students after completing +2 Science (with Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology,
Ag. Sc. etc) can opt for Bachelor of Science
in Plant Science with specialization in plant pathology, and
options either in agricultural technology or biotechnology.
One can also pursue allied course like Entomology, Nematology, and Weed Sciences
etc to become a scientist/expert in the field. Formasters program
in Plant Protection/
Plant Pathology/ Entomology/ Nematology and Weed sciences subjects, candidates
have to pass their Bachelor�s degree in the biological sciences or in
agriculture, under 10+2+3 or 10+2+4 pattern.
Candidates must have obtained at least 60% marks or its equivalent overall grade
point average (OGPA) for general category and for SC/ST/PH 55% marks or
The admission can be obtained through All India Combined Entrance and State
level Entrance Examinations
separately. The All India Entrance is being held regularly by the ICAR that also
provides� the JRF scholarships to students.
Plant Pathology Career Prospects
The scope of employment for Plant Pathology graduates is available both at
public and private sectors. One can also start his/her business after completing
Plant Pathology graduates can join as a Plant Geneticist, Plant Breeder, Aquatic
Botanist, Limnologist, Physiologist, Plant Pathologist, Professor, Consultant,
and Agricultural Engineer or Inspector
at district and state level.
Employment opportunities are also available in areas like research, product
development, sales, teaching, extension, administration, regulatory work, and
private practice etc.
Plant Pathology Pay Package
Plant pathologists find jobs mainly in research labs, agriculturaldevelopment organizations
Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) as well as in universities asteachers
/professors. The salary varies
between Rs 15, 000 � Rs 25,000.
One who qualifies Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) can perform research work in
this field. The fellowship is Rs 10, 000 per month.
The average annual salary of a Plant Health
in foreign countries including US varies from
Plant Pathology Institutes/Universities
- Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
Courses Offered: M. Sc. and Ph. D. programs in Plant Pathology and M. Sc. in