Oceanography

8/17/2013 Career

Oceanography is the branch of Earth Science which deals with the study of
oceans and seas with specific
importance to coastline, estuaries, coastal waters, shelves and the ocean bed.
The subject of study covers wide range of topics, including marine organisms and
ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics;
plate tectonics and the
geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of
various chemical substances and
physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries.



A person who studies these aspects of the oceans is known as Oceanographer or
Marine Biologist. The work of an
Oceanographer requires the scientific knowledge of biology, chemistry, physics,
geology, geophysics, mathematics and engineering science. This emerging field
gives the opportunity to gain scientific knowledge as well employment in various
public and private organizations.



Making a career in Oceanography is really challenging. It takes students to the
world within our oceans which is yet to be discovered. The student is imparted
with the knowledge through theoretical as well as practical classes.



The students during practical classes are assigned to
collect samples, conduct surveys, and
analyze data using sophisticated equipment in the sea for long hours.



Oceanography Eligibility Criteria




Most of the institutes/universities in India offer postgraduate course in
Oceanography or Marine Biology. The minimum educational qualification for this
course is a bachelor�s degree in science i.e. B.Sc. either in Zoology / Botany /
Chemistry / Fishery Science / Earth Science / Physics /
Agriculture / Microbiology / Applied
Sciences or in any other equivalent disciplines.



One can also pursue MTech in Oceanography or Marine Biology. The minimum
qualification is MSc and sometime a valid GATE score is essential for admission
to this program.



MPhil and PhD are also offered by few universities. A postgraduate in the same
branch or any equivalent branch can be eligible for pursuing the program. For
pursuing PhD one has to qualify either NET or GATE.



Oceanography Career Prospects




Making career in Oceanography is challenging as well as rewarding. There are
large employment opportunities for Geographers/ Meteorologists/ Oceanographers
in both public and private sectors.



The Union Public Service Commission conducts tests for placements in Central
Government Agencies like the Geological Survey of India and the Central Ground
water Board.



Similarly, Coal India, Mineral Exploration Authority, Oil & Natural Gas
Corporation, Hindustan Zinc and several other organisations engaged in mineral
explorations utilize the services of Geologists.



The Defense and Para-military forces also utilize the services of Geologists. A
professional in Oceanography can also be absorbed as an Environmental Scientist,
Geo-desist, Geographer, Geologist, Geophysicist, Hydrographer, Oceanographer or
mining engineer at various organizations in India and abroad.



Oceanography Pay Package




A fresher, after completing post graduation in Oceanography can earn a monthly
salary between Rs 8,000 � Rs 12, 000 in public sector. The salary is slightly
higher in the private sector. With a Ph.D., one can earn more than Rs 15, 000
per month.



The salary of oceanographers is relatively higher in foreign countries.
Countries like US, UK, France offer pay package between $50,000 and $80,000 a
year. The salary varies according to the experience and
qualifications of the oceanographer.




Oceanography Institutes/Universities



  • Alagappa University

    Course: M.Sc. Oceanography and Coastal Area Studies

    Eligibility: B.Sc. in Zoology/Botany/Chemistry/ Fishery Science / Earth
    Science/Physics/Agriculture/Microbiology/Applied Sciences or equivalent
    thereof in the related disciplines.



  • Andhra University

    Course: M.Sc. (Oceanography � Physical and Chemical)

    Eligibility: B.Sc. in Zoology/Botany/Chemistry/ Fishery Science / Earth
    Science/Physics/Agriculture/Microbiology/Applied Sciences or any other
    equivalent programs



  • Annamalai University

    Course: M.Sc. (Marine Biology and Oceanography)

    Eligibility: A pass in the B.Sc. Degree examination with Zoology as the
    main subject with not less than 55% of marks in Part-III.



  • Cochin University of Science and Technology

    Courses Offered:

    M.Sc. Oceanography

    M.Phil. Chemical Oceanography

    M.Tech. Ocean Technology

    M.Sc. Marine Biology



  • Indian Institute of
    Technology


    Courses Offered:B Tech in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering

    Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

    Dual Degree in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering

    M Tech in Ocean Engineering

    Master of Science (MS)



  • Berhampur University

    Course: M.Sc. in Marine Biology/Oceanography

    Eligibility: B.Sc. in Zoology/Botany/Chemistry/ Fishery Science / Earth
    Science/Physics/Agriculture/Microbiology/Applied Sciences or any other
    equivalent programs.



  • Goa University

    Course Offered: M.Sc. Marine Science, Ph.D



  • Mangalore University

    Course: M. Sc. in Marine Geology

    Eligibility: BSc



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