Meteorology

8/17/2013 Career

Meteorology is a sub-discipline of Atmospheric science that mainly focuses on
weather processes and forecasting. The field includes both weather and climate
and is concerned with the physical, dynamical (a force producing change or
motion), and chemical state of the Earth's atmosphere and interactions between
the atmosphere and the Earth's surface.



To make a career in meteorology, one needs sufficient interests and educational
standard. There are many rewarding career
opportunities
for meteorologist (a specialist who studies various earthly
processes in the atmosphere).



Meteorology Eligibility Criteria




A student desirous of making a career in Meteorology or Atmospheric Science may
opt for an undergraduate course i.e.
B.Sc. or B.Tech soon after the completion of his/her + Science (class 12th). A
number of universities including IITs
are offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs in Meteorology/Atmospheric
Sciences.



A master's program i.e. M.Sc or M.Tech
can usually be completed in two years after the bachelor's degree. The
requirement for admission to this program is usually an undergraduate degree in
meteorology, physics, engineering, or related disciplines.



Students who wish to carry out research work go for PhD.. The minimum education
qualification for this is a master�s degree in relevant field.



Below are given names of few courses and their minimum qualification:




  • M.Sc in Meteorology


Eligibility: B.Sc in Physics/Chemistry or any other relevant branch of science.



  • Diploma in Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences


Eligibility: M.Sc in Meteorology


  • B.Tech Meteorology/Atmospheric Science


Eligibility: + 2 Science with Physics, Chemistry


  • M.Tech Meteorology


Eligibility: B Tech or M.Sc in Meteorology or any other equivalent discipline



  • PhD


Eligibility: Masters degree in Meteorology/Atmospheric Science or allied field.



Meteorology Career Prospects




Meteorologists find jobs mainly in
government sector. However some private companies also recruit atmospheric
scientists for environmental pollution control. A country�s Military operations
such as troop movements, airplane flights,
missile launches, and ship movements
rely on accurate weather information. Hence, here the role of a meteorologist
becomes crucial.



A meteorology degree or a degree in related marine science qualifies an
individual to perform many weather-related jobs. There are good opportunities
for overseas assignment to military bases
and outposts throughout the world.



Space application centers also recruit
meteorologists as the launching of satellite also depends on weather conditions.
The Indian meteorological department has its branches all over India, hence
meteorologists are absorbed there.



Here is a list of few institutes/organizations in India where
meteorologists can find jobs -



  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • India Meteorology Department
  • Indian Air Force
  • Space Application Center
  • National Remote Sensing Agency
  • Defense Research and Development Organization
  • Indian Space Research Organization


Meteorology Pay Package




Meteorology is a rare field of science; hence there are few people who opt for
this course. However the career is challenging and rewarding. Salary of a
meteorologist/scientist depends on his qualification and experience. The Indian
Government offers handsome salary to qualified meteorologists/scientists. It
varies between Rs 10, 000 � 25, 000.



One having outstanding knowledge and experience can also find
job in abroad. There the salary does
not become a factor. The US government offers annual package that varies between
$19,081 and $69,300.



Meteorology Institutes/Universities



  • Bharathiyar University

    Course: M.Sc. in Meteorology



  • Punjabi University, Patiala

    Course: Diploma in Meteorology and atmospheric physics

    Eligibility: MSc



  • Cochin University of Science and Technology

    Course: M.Sc. (Meteorology) &M. Tech after M.Sc.



  • MS University of Baroda

    Course: M. Sc. Meteorology



  • Andhra University

    Course: M.Sc. Oceanography & Meteorology



  • IIT Kharagpur

    Course: M.Tech program in Earth Science

    Eligibility: Master of Science in Atmospheric Science/ Earth Science/
    Geology/ Geophysics/Marine Geology/ Marine Science/ Mathematics/
    Physics.

    Bachelor degree in Engineering or equivalent in
    Aerospace Engineering/Agriculture
    Engineering/ Civil Engineering/ Earthquake Engineering/ Environmental
    Engineering/Ocean Engineering & Naval Architecture.



  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi

    Course: B.Tech and Pre PhD in atmospheric science

    Eligibility: +2 Science pass for BTech program (admission through
    IIT-JEE)



  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

    Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan,

    Pune 411 008

    Maharashtra, India

    Phone: +91-20-2589-3600

    Fax: +91-20-2589-3825

    Website: http://www.tropmet.res.in/

    Course: Research programs are offered



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