Forensic Science

8/13/2013 Career

Forensic science is primarily concerned with the
application of scientific
principles for the investigation of crime. Forensic science is the
acquisition and analysis of scientific data for application to the study
and resolution of crime, investigation, civil and regulatory issues, and
criminal identification.



Using the very latest in technology,
forensic scientists
convert the clues collected from a crime
scene into evidence admissible in a court of law. It is the use or
application of science in courts or legal proceedings. This is a
challenging and interesting field for those who are inquisitive and love
adventure.



Forensic Science is essentially a crime and laboratory-based profession.
But the expertise of a forensic
professional
is also used in civil cases for issues like proving
the validity of a signature on a will, to a claim of the products
liability, to find out whether an industry is complying with
environmental rules or not.



Forensic Science is broadly grouped into three Types:
Medical, laboratory and field
science.



  • Medical / Datamedicine - is a broad medical
    subject which includes forensic
    pathology
    , psychiatry, psychology, forensic medicine and
    odontology (dentistry).



  • Laboratory Sciences - include chemistry,
    biology, toxicology, ballistics, fingerprints, questioned
    documents and marks &� impressions.



  • Field Sciences - include
    crime scene investigation
    which incorporates areas such as fire and explosion scenes and
    clandestine drug laboratories.




Forensic Science Eligibility Criteria




One can join graduation in forensic science (B.Sc. Forensic Science). In
order to take up a masters course in
forensic science
you need to be a graduate preferably with a
first division in Physics, chemistry, zoology, botany, biochemistry,
microbiology, B.Pharm, BDS or applied science.



Most forensic science lab positions require at least a Bachelor's degree
in physical science. Majors that are required depend on the area in
forensic science you wish to go into.



Forensic Science Career Prospects




A forensic scientist may take up
the following job positions




Forensic pathologists determine
the time and cause of death in cases of suspected murder or suicide.
This involves post mortem examinations of deaths reported to determine
the cause and the manner of death..



Forensic anthropologists use their knowledge of human skeletal anatomy
to assist in identification of skeletal remains and discover the age,
sex, ancestry, stature, and unique features of the deceased.



For example, they are called to identify individuals murdered or killed
in disasters such as plane crashes, explosions, fires and other
tragedies resulting in the loss of life and mutilation of bodies.



Forensic psychiatrists and psychologists are concerned with
psychological issues. They determine whether a mental state may be a
mitigating circumstance in the commission of an alleged crime and
whether a person is mentally fit to stand a trial.



Forensic dentists deal with the collection, evaluation and proper
handling of dental evidence in order to assist
law enforcement officers. The
role of the odontologist is to identify bodies and skeletal remains from
dental records, reconstruct faces from skulls and interpret bite marks.



Clinical forensic medicines experts examine victims of crime and
suspects who may have sustained an injury while allegedly committing a
crime. They give interpretations of their findings such as the possible
causes and timing of the injuries.



Forensic entomologists study insect life on or near bodies to
determine the time and/or date of death.




Forensic serologists study the blood groups, blood, and other bodily
fluids for identification purposes following a crime. Biological
materials such as blood, body fluids and hair are identified and
compared using forensic DNA analysis, microscopic analysis and
biochemical methods.



Forensic chemists deal with the detection and identification of illicit
drugs, explosive and gunshot residues, trace evidence, including paint,
glass, polymers and fibers.



Forensic linguists analyze the content of written or oral communication
to identify who is speaking and indicate the speaker's intent, and
determine whether two communications are from the same person. They also
deal with fraudulent documents.



Forensic engineer deals with
traffic accidents, fire investigations, and a variety of wrongful injury
cases. Engineers are involved in failure analysis, accident
reconstruction, causes and origins of fires or explosions, quality
evaluation of construction or manufacturing etc.



Forensic artists can draw a likeness of a person based solely on
eyewitness accounts. Forensic sculptors can reconstruct faces, usually
in modelling clay or on a computer from skulls or other fragments. The
expertise may enable the police to find out who a person was when no
other clues are available.



Forensic Science Institutes/Universities




Many universities/institutes offer M.Sc. Courses in Forensic Sciences.
These include:


  • Punjabi University, Patiala

It offers a two year course of M.Sc. in Forensic Science



  • Amity Institute of Behavioral & Health Allied
    Science, Noida

The university offers 2 years M.Sc. Course in forensic Science.
Minimum qualification for the admission is B. Sc.



  • Department of Criminology and Forensic Science,
    Sagar University, Madhya Pradesh

The department offers M.Sc (Master of Science) in Forensic Science
and Forensic Toxicology.



  • University of Chennai, Chennai

This University offers an MA in Criminology. Eligibility is a
Bachelor�s degree.



  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, (UP)

This University offers an MA in Criminology. Eligibility is a
Bachelor�s degree.



  • Forensic House, Mylapore, Chennai

This institute offers a course in Criminology and Forensic Science.
Eligibility is a Bachelor�s degree in Physics, Chemistry or Applied
Science or MBBS, BDS, and B.Pharm.



  • Department of Criminology and Forensic Science,
    Karnataka University, Karnataka: Karnataka

University offers M.Sc. in Forensic Science and Forensic Toxicology.
To be eligibile, you have to have a BA, B.Sc. or B.Com. degree with
a minimum of 50% aggregate. The admission is through an entrance
test.



  • Department of Forensic Science, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
    University, Agra, U.P

This University offers an M.Sc. in Forensic Science.



  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai

This institute offers Criminology as a specialization course with
Masters in Social Work programs.



  • Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi

It offers a certificate course in Forensic Science.



  • Department of Anthropology, University of Pune,
    Maharashtra

This University offers a Masters course as well as a P.G. Diploma
course in Forensic Sciences.



  • Osmanaia University, Hyderabad

The University offers an (MSc) in Forensic Science.



  • National institute of criminology and forensic
    science, Delhi

Offers an M.A /M.Sc courses in Criminology & forensic Science
through affiliation to the GGS IP University, Delhi.


Many laboratories also conduct courses on forensic science,
these include:



  • Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Hyderabad, CFIs
    Complex,Ramanathapur, Hyderabad.
  • Neutron Activation Analysis Unit, BARC, Mumbai.
  • Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Chandigarh, CFIs
    Complex, Sector 36A, Candigarh.
  • Central Forensic Laboratory, Kolkata, CFIs Complex, 30
    Gorachand Road, Kolkata



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