Astronomy is the science dealing with all the celestial bodies in the
universe. It is the study of the movement, nature and constitution of heavenly
bodies. It is also the study of the laws which direct them, as also the effects,
which they produce upon one another.
It seeks to crack the past history of heavenly bodies and their possible future
development.Though the use of modern technology and new gadgets has made
Astronomy a specialized branch of study, it is, in fact, a very old science.
With the development of science and technology, man began to use sophisticatedtechnological gadgets
for the purpose.
India has produced many best brains like Aryabhatta and Bhaskara in this field.
Astronomy is divided into several branches
such as Astrophysics, Astrometeorology, Astrophysics, Astrobiology, Astrogeology
and Astrometry. These branches together help in the holistic study of the
discipline and unravel the mysteries of the universe.
Branches of Astronomy
- Astrochemistry: A branch of
astronomy and chemistry dealing with the
chemical composition and evolution of the universe and its
parts.Astrogeology: The science dealing with the structure and
composition of planets and other bodies in the solar system.Astronomy
- Astrometeorology: The study
of the theoretical effects of astronomical bodies and forces on the
- Astrometry: The branch of
astronomy that deals with the measurement of the positions and motions
of the celestial bodies.
- Astrobiology: The study of
life beyond the earth�s atmosphere as on the planets
For pursuing a career in Theoretical Astronomy/observations, one can do B.Sc. in
Physics and /or Mathematics after 10 + 2. Master�s level course in Astronomy
with specialization in Theoretical Astronomy is offered by various institutes
To pursue a career in Instrumentation/Experimental Astronomy, one can do
Bachelor of Engineering (BE) in Electrical / Electronics/Electrical
Communications, after 10 + 2. Then one can appear for the Joint Entrance
Screening Test (JEST) examination, which makes one eligible to do specialization
in astronomy leading to Ph. D.
A professional astronomer also takes courses in microelectronics &
instrumentation. One can also contact the Board of Graduate Studies at IIA
After completion of a course in Astronomy, one can find placement as a Research
Scientist with several research institutes and big Government organizations like
the Indian Space Research Organization (DRDO).
Employment opportunities exist in organizations such as the TIFR (Government of
India�s National Centre for Nuclear Science and Mathematics), the National
Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Pune and Ooty, the IIS, Bangalore, the
Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune, Physical Research
Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad, UP State Observatory at Nainital, the Indian
Institute of Astrophysics and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO),
Bangalore, Astronomical Society of India, Udaipur Solar Observatory, and the
CSIR. Some researchers also go on to work at leading observatories and
institutes in the USA.
One can also join organizations like the Association of Bangalore Amateur
Astronomers (ABAA) which involves itself in telescope making, organizing
observation sessions for the public and popularization of Astronomy.
As a beginner, one would be inducted as a fellow researcher into an existing
team already working on an Astronomy project. The prospects of traveling to far
distant shores are also open as international seminars and conventions are held
regularly in different countries.
Astronomy Salary Package
While during the research work, one generally receives a monthly stipend of
Rs.8, 000 as Junior Researcher while Rs.9,000 is what one is expected to receive
as a Senior Researcher. Moreover, one will be entitled to an annual book grant.Hostel accommodation
house rent allowance
and travel allowances are
other benefits available to the researches. One will also get support to
participate in national and international seminars and conferences.
After one has completed the research work, employment opportunities with
different institutions increase. Various government bodies and institutes also
employ astronomers in different grades of scientists where they are offered high
salaries with other perks and allowances too.
Astronomy Institutes/ University
- Physical Research Laboratory
- Tata institute of Fundamental Research
Homi bhabha road
Fax: 022-22804610, 22804611
C.V. Raman Avenue
- Indian Institute of Science
- Indian Institute of Astrophysics
II Block, Koramangala
P.B. No 8
- Inter University Centre For
- Swami Ramanand Teerth University
- Madurai Kamaraj University
Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Tel: 2458421, 2459185
Course: MSc Space Physics (3yrs)
- Jawahar lal Nehru Technological
College of Engineering
Course: MSc (Tech) Space Physics.
Mahatma Gandhi University
96 Jawaharlal Nehru Rd
Course: PG Diploma in Astronomy & Planetary Sciences
Centre for Advanced Study inAstronomy
Course: MSc (Astronomy)
Eligibility: BSc (45% in the rel subj)