Aquaculture Science

8/12/2013 Career



Aquaculture as a
profession involves the cultivation and propagation of natural living produce of
water, such as, shrimp, fish, squid, cuttle, fish, lobsters, etc. This also
includes marine produce suitable for consumption as well as for industrial and
medicinal purposes. India with its 7,500 km long coastline, a large inland water
system and rich natural resources, has good prospects of becoming a dominant
supplier of seafood which is highly sought after throughout the world.




With the opening
up of the economy and thus liberalised industrial policy of the Indian
government with lower customs/excise duties, the private sector has received
encouragement for participation in aquaculture. The aquaculture industry is
rapidly developing and providing employment to traditional fishermen as well as
to those highly skilled in the production and breeding of fishery products.
Ideal climatic conditions and abundant natural resources available in the
country have also contributed to the growth of fisheries in India.




Training is
offered at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Professional courses are
offered to those with PG degrees.




The work of an
aquaculturist includes production and breeding of all varieties of marine
produce for consumption and industrial use as well as processing of seafood. The
main areas on the basis of functions can be classified as followed:


 



  • Farm Management:




    This entails the performance of supervisory tasks like site selection,
    designing and construction of ponds, pond preparation, selective stocking,
    water quality management, feeding, growth, monitoring and hazard analysis up
    to the stage of harvesting and after.




  • Hatchery Management:




    Here, tasks include broad stock collection, spawning in artificial
    conditions, water quality management, feeding and rearing upto the post-larve
    stage, oxygen packing and transportation to farms. As it is a highly
    sophisticated area and there is a shortage of manpower in this country
    because aquaculture is new here, the companies are forced to recruit people
    from abroad. Majority of the people come from countries like Thailand and
    the Philippines.




  • Post-Harvest Management and Processing:


    This is very important because it prepares the products for exports after
    harvesting and any laxity can lead can lead to heavy losses.




  • Fishery Inspectors:




    They are involved in transporting fishes to different fishery stations.




  • Fishery Workers:




    They catch, breed and cultivate fish and other forms of aquatic life. They
    also prepare nets and other equipments, operate fishing vessels, and clean,
    freeze and salt fish. Then they deliver the fish caught to the whole sale
    buyers, markets and other organisations involved in exports business.



    Deep-sea fishery workers work as crew members of fishing vessels. They catch
    deep-sea fish for sale, or delivery them on a regular basis, to wholesale
    buyers and traders.

    Private companies as well as public sector organisations perform the tasks
    of scientific breeding, cultivation and management of fisheries and other
    natural living products in the seas. The workers generally look after fish
    cultivation. Most of the industries are located along the country's rich
    coastline.




  • Research:




    It deals with development of better and new varieties of aquaculture and
    extension work, at the Central and State levels and at private research
    institutes. Research is also conducted to increase the output and evolve
    better technologies for their preservation and processing. Many research
    projects have been taken up by the Indian Council of Agriculture Research,
    CFTRI, the Central Department of Biotechnology and other institutions, in
    order to improve the variety and production of fish, which in turn, would
    provide ample job opportunities in this field, especially in the area of
    self- to teach prospective scientists in research institutions and
    universities throughout the country.

 


Initially, an
aquaculturist's job involves living in remote coastal areas. The job can be very
interesting and challenging, provided one has interest in marine life. Since,
there is a scarcity of skilled manpower for the designing, construction and
management of semiintensive fish farms and hatcheries, there are openings for
aquaculturists in private companies and export organisations also. Therefore,
the scope for employment in this field is immense.



Where To Study:





  • College of
    Fisheries- Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu)
  • Calcutta
    University - Kolkata (West Bengal)
  • Central
    Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE)- Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh)

  • Rajendra
    Agricultural University- Pusa (Bihar)
  • Central
    Polytechnic- Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
  • Assam
    Agricultural University- Jorhat (Assam)
  • Tamil Nadu
    Agriculture University - Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)
  • GB Pant
    University of Agriculture and Technology - Pantnagar (Uttaranchal).

  • Marine
    Product Processing Training centre-Mangalore (Karnataka)
  • University
    of Mumbai-Mumbai (Maharashtra).

 



Research facilities also exist in various universities, including the following:
 


  • Madurai
    Kamraj University
  • University
    of Cochin
  • Mangalore
    Fisheries University
  • Central
    Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai.
  • CIFRI,
    Kharagpur.


ELIGIBILITY:


 



Graduate degree in science. Higher degrees in
related fields preferred.


 


JOB
PROSPECT:



Aquatic careers are as varied as the habitats with
which they are associated. The oceans are one obvious area in which people focus
their marine careers; but there are many other aquatic environments such as
estuaries, lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands in which people base their work


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